Textbook Notes (362,796)
United States (204,237)
Psychology (294)
01:830:101 (138)
Chapter 7

Psychology Chapter 7.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Rutgers University
Leonard Hamilton

Psychology Chapter 7 7.1 Types of Memory • Memory- the retention of information • Free recall- to produce a response, as you do on essay tests or short-answer tests • Cued recall- receive significant hints about the material • Recognition- someone chooses the correct item among several choices • Saving method(relearning method)- compares the speed of original learning to speed of relearning • Explicit(direct) memory- someone who states an answer regards it as a product of memory • Implicit(indirect) memory- an experience influences what you say or do even though you might not be aware of the influence. • Primes- reading or hearing a word temporarily increases the chance that you will use it • Procedural memories- memories of motor skills • Declarative memories- memories we can readily state in words • Information-processing model- information that enters the system is processed, coded, and stored. • Short term memory- temporary storage of recent events • Long-term memory- a relatively permanent store. • Semantic memory- memory of principles and facts • Episodic memory- memory for specific event • Source amnesia- forgetting where or how you learned something • Chunking- grouping items into meaningful sequences or clusters. • Brain representation decays over time • Consolidate- converting short- term memory into a long- term memory • Working memory- system for working with current information • Phonological loop- stores and rehearses speech information. Lets you remember sentences • Visuospatial sketchpad- temporary stores and manipulates visual and spatial information • Central executive- governs shifts of attention. ( nurse keeping track of patients) • Episodic buffer- binds together various parts of a meaningful experience. ( dinner date location) 7.2 Encoding, storage, and retrieval • Emotional arousal- increases release of cortisol and epinephrine • Primary effect- tendency to remember well the first items • Recency effect- tendency to remember well the final items • Levels-of-processing principle- how easily you retrieve a memory depends on the number and types of associations you form. • Retrieval cues- rem
More Less

Related notes for 01:830:101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.