Major biases: ignoring evidence, failing to accurately judge source credibility, misunderstanding or not using statistics, seeing relationships that do not exist, using relative comparisons, accepting after-the-fact explanations, taking mental shortcuts, failing to see our own inadequacies. He believed the mind and body are separated. Systematic examination of subjective mental experiences that requires people to inspect and report on the content of their thoughts. Wilhelm wundt (germany 1879) established the 1rst psychology lab and institute: he developed reaction time, to assess how quickly people can respond to events. Approach to psychology based on the idea that requires people to inspect and report on the content of their thoughts. Edward titchener pioneered this school of thought: believes that conscious experience can be broken down into basic underlying components. Approach to psychology concerned with the adaptive purpose, or function, of mind and behavior. William james believed the mind exists over evolution, working in ways to pass down genes: influenced by darwin.