PSYC 001 Chapter Notes -Social Proof, Fundamental Attribution Error, Normative Social Influence

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Social psychology = study of effects of real/imagined presence of others on people"s thoughts, feelings, and actions. Personality psychology = uniqueness & individual differences. How external environment influences what you do. Groups and how other people influence us. Hypothetical: when you look back and question what you do. Social facilitation: presence of others improve performance. Usually occurs for easy tasks > know & perform well. Social loafing: presence of others relax standards. Diffusion of responsibility alters behavior (you loaf) Social norm: rules/expectations imposed about acceptable behavior. Conformity occurs when people adjust behavior to what others are doing/adhere to. Informational social influence: people conform > others = knowledge source of what. Normative social influence: conformity occurring when people go along with othes" cultural norms they are supposed to do behavior. 3+ > conformity but effect peaks around 6-7. Even 1 dissenter decreases conformity pressure tremendously. 18 trials of lines; 1 reference & 3 choices.

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