DPH 430 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Dominick Fernow, Distressing, Sexual Conflict

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Human Sexuality Chapter 8
Friendship and Love
o Breathe life into humanity
o Bind us together
o Provide emotional sustenance
o Buffer us against stress
o Help to preserve our physical and mental well-being
o Love and friendship are alike in many ways
Some crucial differences make love relationships both
more rewarding and more vulnerable
Love and Sexuality
o Are intimately intertwined
Sexual standards have become personal rather than
institutional
o Two important factors in sexual activity
Level of intimacy
Length of time couple has been together.
o Environmental factors influence the level of sexual activity
Physical environment
Cultural setting
Love and Sexuality Men, Women, Sex, and Love
o Men and women have different perspectives on love and sex
o These varied views are a result of:
Demographics
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Gender differences
Cultural differences
o Love is equally important for heterosexuals as it is for non-
heterosexuals
Love and Sexuality Love Without Sex: Celibacy and Asexuality
o Celibacy: abstention from sexual activity
Not necessarily a symptom of a problem or disorder
o Asexuality: The absence of a traditional sexual orientation
Little or no sexual attraction to male or females
Implies an assumption that some level of sexual desire is
normal
Approaches and Attitudes Related to Love
o Love and sex are closely linked in the ideal intimate relationship
Love reflects care draws people together and sustains
them in a relationship
Sex reflects both closeness and sexual excitement
Differentiates romantic love from other forms of
love, such as parental love
o Styles of love: Sociologist John Lee describes six basic styles of
love:
Eros: Love of beauty
Mania: Obsessive and possessive love
Ludus: Playful love
Storge: Love between companions
Agape: Brotherly love
Pragma: Practical love
o The components of love
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Wanting to promote your partner’s welfare
Feeling happiness with your partner
Holding your partner in high regard
Being able to count on your partner in times of need
Being able to understand your partner
Sharing yourself and your possessions with your partner
Receiving emotional support from your partner
Giving your emotional support to your partner
Being able to communicate with your partner about
intimate things
Valuing your partner’s presence in your life
o Kinds of love
Liking (Intimacy only)
Infatuation (Passion only)
Romantic love (Intimacy and passion)
Companionate love (Intimacy and commitment)
Fatuous love (Passion and commitment)
Consummate love (Intimacy, passion, and commitment)
Empty love (Decision/commitment only)
Nonlove (Absence of intimacy, passion, and commitment)
o Love as attachment
Infant: Caregiver attachment
Romantic love Types of attachment
Secure
Anxious/ambivalent
Avoidant
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