DPH 430 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Public Health Service Act, Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill, Margaret Sanger

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Human Sexuality Chapter 11
Risk and Responsibility
o Nearly half of all pregnancies and 82% of teen births each year
are unintended
o Although a woman only has about 2-4% chance of becoming
pregnant during intercourse without contraception, age &
timing affect the odds.
o If intercourse occurs during ovulation, the chance of conception
is about 25%.
o Over a period of a year, sexually active couple who DO NOT use
contraception have an 85% chance of conception.
o If oral contraceptives were available for men, how many women
would trust their partner to use them?
o Women generally have greater interest in their fertility.
o Birth control has typically been seen as a woman’s responsibility;
however, these ideas and practices are changing
o Males methods count for 20% of all contraceptive use
Navigating reproductive health
o Margaret Sanger regarded as the founder of modern birth
control movement
o Was not until 1960 that the first birth control pill entered the US
marketplace. Fertility control, rather than abstinence, proved to
be a shift in how many viewed sexuality.
o Title X: The Public Health Service Act makes effective
contraceptive options accessible to all women, regardless of
o ACA; Contraceptives are covered at no or very low cost.
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