SWK 301 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Social Work, Dsm-5, Drug Rehabilitation

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Intro to Social Work Chapter 9
Social Work and Mental Health
o SWs are the largest U.S. providers of mental health services
o Clinical social workers, psychiatric social workers, and
psychotherapists
Multidisciplinary teams
o Clinical social workers: evaluate and work with people with
mental disorders, addictions, behavioral problems
o Specializations
Child, adolescent, adult, older adult (geriatric), forensic,
developmental, physical, or neurocognitive disorder, and
alcohol and other drug rehabilitation
Mental Health and Mental Illness
o 20% of people have a mental health condition; about 6% have a
severe mental illness
o When people are suffering, unpredictable, causing problems for
themselves or others, or otherwise showing maladaptive
behaviors, help may be needed
o Mental Health: relative emotional well-being, ability to make
rational decisions and cope with stressors
o Mental Illness: Disease that causes disturbance in thinking,
perception, behavior
o Symptoms of mental disorders:
Behavioral health: includes prevention and well-being
promotion, on top of intervening with people struggling
with mental illness
o Stigma exist for people with mental illness particularly with some
conditions
o It is important to recognize contextual factors and their impact on
mental illness/health
Normal vs Abnormal Mental Health
o Normal Mental Health
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2
Accurate perception of reality
Autonomy and independence
Capability for growth and development
Mastery of day-to-day demands
Positive friendships and relationships
Positive view of self
Not all symptoms/problems in life are disorders
Mislabeling can be harmful
Person-first language
“Man with bipolar disorder” vs “he’s bipolar”
Mental Health Disorders and DSM-5
o Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: the book
used to diagnose and categorize disorders
American Psychiatric Association
Criteria for diagnosis may be loosened, causing too many
people to be labeled
o Fifth version, DSM-5 (2013)
Some changes, some criticism
Example of change: combines substance abuse and
dependence
Categories of Disorders
o Neurocognitive disorder (ex. Alzheimer’s)
o Personality disorder (ex. Borderline, antisocial)
o Anxiety disorders (ex. Panic disorders)
o Depressive disorder (ex. Major depressive disorder)
o Bipolar disorder (ex. Bipolar I)
o Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders
o Eating disorders (ex. Bulimia, anorexia nervosa)
o Neurodevelopmental disorders (ex. Attention-deficit
hyperactivity disorder ADHD-. Oppositional defiant disorder)
o Post-Traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Evolution of Mental Health System
o Colonial America patients jailed
First hospitals for mentally ill in 1773
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