SWK 420 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: The Flaws, Microsoft Powerpoint, Research Question

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SWK 420 (9/4) Chapter 2
1
Lecture:
The following is what to look for in a research article, not what we will be doing!
What goes into a research article?
Abstract: Summaries entire paper
Introduction: (Citation heavy)
o Have an attention getter
o State the problem (called problem statement)
Literature Review: (Citation heavy)
o Explain why your research is relevant
o State how the study builds on original research
Methods
o Research Design (What you used?)
o Sample (How did you recurrent them?)
o Measurable (Variable: Independent & Dependent)
IndependentPredictor
DependentOutcome
Results/Findings
o Tables & Charts
o Explain what you found
Discussion (Some citations when comparing previous findings)
o Restates or summarizes findings
o Compare your findings to previous research (citation heavy)
o Talk about why the problem is important(Implications relate to policy or practice)
o Limitations (The flaws)
o Future research
Conclusions
o Major highlight of the study
From the PowerPoint:
Review from Chapter 1:
Five steps in evidence-based practice process?
o Develop a question
o Search for evidence
o Appraise the evidence
o Integrate the research with practice expertise and knowledge of the client
o Monitor the outcome
Hierarchy of Evidence Sources:
o Systematic Review/Meta-Analysis
o Randomized Control Trials (RCT)
o Quasi-experimental studies
o Cohort or Case control studies
o Pre-experimental group studies
o Surveys of clients or practitioner
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SWK 420 (9/4) Chapter 2
2
o Qualitative Studies of Client Experience
Evidence-Based Practice:
Practitioner’s Expertise
Best evidence
Client values & expectations
Research Process (in 7 steps):
1. See a problemdevelop a question
2. Go to the literature to gather info about the question (Does the answer already exist?)
3. Develop a hypothesis
4. Conceptualize the study
5. Collect data
6. Analyze and interpret findings
7. Writing the research report
Research “Problem”/Topic
Relevant to SW profession
Problems/issues in social service agencies
Information needed to solve practice problem
Inform practice, policy or planning decisions
Developed with literature review
Example:
You’re a school social work intern at a local middle school. On your first day, you notice
students being bullied in the hallway and at recess. You see that the teachers are too
overwhelmed to address the issues and wonder what you can do to prevent this bullying
behavior.
The Literature Review
Literature = academic conversation
A Lit Review:
Tells us what others have done
Identifies gaps in research/knowledge
Provides a context for current research
Guides methodology
Social work needs more intervention/evaluation research:
Tell us what works, how it works, and for what problems. We cannot get enough strong
evaluation studies.
When you review the literature:
What are you looking for?
Where to begin?
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