SWK 490 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Psychological Abuse, Child Neglect, Child Abuse
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SWK 490 Chapter 1 Notes
• Child neglect: an act of omission rather than commission and is the most common form
of child maltreatment.
• Sometimes child are neglected because:
o Parents do not know how to parent
o Do not have financial means to be a good parent
o Are consumed with personal problems that make it difficult to be a good parent
• Approximately 1,800 children die annually in the United States as a result of abuse and
• Approximately 80% of these children are under the age of 4.
• The greatest risk for children is within the home.
• The risk of victimization and injury is far greater at home than on the most dangerous city
• Approximately 50% of all homicide victims under the age of 10 are killed by parents.
• 60% for children under the age of 6.
• Almost 1,800 children die annually as a result of abuse or neglect
• Data from more recent years suggest that child maltreatment rates have been declining
• First, the link between child maltreatment and low socioeconomic status is largely
unquestioned, but this empirical connection should be interpreted with a degree of
caution for a couple of reasons:
o People who are poor and lack other resources may be more likely than those who
are better-off to come to the attention of police and social service agencies and
therefore are more likely to be represented, in official estimates
o Even if we acknowledge the statistical viability of social class as a risk marker,
the evidence does not suggest that only poor families are violent or that poor
families are always violent.
• Studies have consistently found that abusive adults have been exposed to significantly
more childhood violence than non-abusive adults.
• Many experts believe that corporal punishment leads to aggression in children and, in
later years, to adult violence.
Children vs Victims:
• Most child maltreatment occurs behind closed doors.
• According to the NCVS, for juveniles aged 12-17 years, rates for violent crime
victimization (e.g., rape, robbery, aggravated assault) are two to three times higher than
for the population as a whole.
• The most common form of maltreatment was neglect (78%), followed by physical
maltreatment (18%), sexual maltreatment (10%), psychological maltreatment (7%).
• Victims of child maltreatment are more likely to have psychological problems, more
likely to be poor, more likely to be criminal, more likely to have drug and alcohol
problems, more likely to abuse their own children and spouses, and more likely to be
revictimized later in life.
• Research has shown family influence to be perhaps the single greatest determinant of an
individual’s level of violence outside the home.