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ANT 111 Chapter all: ANT 111 Intro to Cultural Anthropology

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Syracuse University
ANT 111

ANT 111 Intro to Cultural Anthropology Spring 2017 1. Cultural Anthropology the study of human thought, behavior, and lifeways that are learned rather than genetically transmitted and that are typical of groups of people Group of people persisting through time and the social relationships among them Societies are increasingly global instead of local because of technology Ethnography major research tool of cultural anthropology, fieldwork and the written results i. Emic (examination of society using concepts, categories, and distinctions that are meaningful to members of a society), etic (using concepts, categories, and rules derived from science; outsiders perspective), or combination Ethnology The attempt to find general principals or laws that govern cultural phenomena through the comparison of cultures More than 50 different sectionsinterest groups in the American Anthropology Association Often interested in documenting and understanding the ways in which cultures change Goal: to be able to contribute productively to public debate about promotion of and reaction to change in our own society and elsewhere Subfields of Anthropology: i. Cultural anthropology focuses on social lives in living communities ii. Archaeology studies past cultures by excavating where people live, worked, farmed, or other cultural activities 1. Historical archaeology study of material remains and oral histories iii. Biologicalphysical anthropology focuses on the biological aspects of the human species, past and present, along with our closest relatives, nonhuman primates iv. Linguistic anthropology studies how people communicate through language, and how languages shapes group membership and identity v. Culture refers to takenforgranted notions, rules, moralities, and behaviors within a social group that feel natural and the way things should be 2. Concepts of culture Made up of learned behaviors (enculturation) Involve classification systems and symbols (symbol something that stands for something else, used to create meaning) Patterned and integrated (change in one aspect affects another) Shared Adaptive and include information about how to survive in this world Subject to change (internal or external dynamics) Anthropological Theory Set of propositions about which aspects of culture are critical, how they should be studied, and what the goal of studying them should be CHART ON PAGE 29 IN CC 3. Is there an American Culture? People belong to many groups: nationality, place where you grew up, school, ethnic identity, religious identity, military group, family)
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