Textbook Notes (362,768)
United States (204,211)
ANT 121 (10)
Castro (10)
Chapter 2

ANT121 Human Culture Ember and Ember, Ch. 2

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Syracuse University
ANT 121

ANT 121: Embers Ch. 2 Culture and Culture Change 12/10/2013 9:03:00 AM TERMS:  Acculturation  Adaptive customs  Cultural relativism  Culture  Diffusion  Ethnocentric  Ethnocentrism  Globalization  Maladaptive customs  Norms  Revolution  Society  Subculture DEFINING CULTURE  Ralph Linton definition—total way of life of any society, not simply those parts of this way which the society regards as higher or more desirable.  Book definition—set of learned behaviors and ideas (including beliefs, attitudes, values, and ideals) that are characteristic of a particular society or other social group  Society—a group of people who occupy a particular territory and speak a common language not generally understood by neighboring peoples o Does not limit a society to country borders- many societies can be in one country, or can spread over multiple  Commonly shared customs of a society refers to a culture  Subculture—refers to commonly shared customs of a group within a society  Something is culture IF it is a learned behavior or idea that the members of a society or other social group generally share ATTITUDES THAT HINDER THE STUDY OF CULTURES  Ethnocentric—describes people who judge other cultures solely in terms of their own culture  Ethnocentrism and glorification of other cultures hinders effective anthropological study CULTURAL RELATIVISM  Franz Boas—challenged the superiority of Western cultures  Cultural Relativism—attitude that a society’s customs and ideas should be described objectively o Differing views on relativism and the degree of acceptance of certain culture’s practices.. i.e. slavery, violence, torture, genocide o Strive toward objectivity and eliminate quick judgments of other people’s cultures DESCRIBING A CULTURE  Individual variation: Variations in behavior between individuals in a group are confined within socially acceptable limits  Ideal cultural traits: ideas about how people in certain situations should act and feel  Norms: standards or rules about what is acceptable behavior  Cultural restraints: Direct and Indirect  Modal response/mode: most frequent
More Less

Related notes for ANT 121

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.