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Chapter 6

ANT121 Human Culture Ember and Ember, Ch. 6

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Syracuse University
ANT 121

ANT 121: Embers Ch. 6 Social Stratification: Class, Ethnicity, and Racism 12/10/2013 9:07:00 AM TERMS: Caste Class Class societies Economic resources Egalitarian societies Ethnicity Manumission Potlatch Power Prestige Rank societies Slaves Socially Stratified—modern post-industrial and industrial societies contain social groups that have unequal access to important advantages such as economic resources, power, and prestige VARIATION IN DEGREE OF SOCIAL INEQUALITY  Economic resources—things that have value in a culture: land, tools, technology, goods, money  Power—ability to make others do what they do not want to do; influence based on threat of force  Prestige—someone/group accorded particular respect or honor EGALITARIAN SOCIETIES  contain no social groups with greater or lesser access to resources, prestige, and power  Generally foraging or horticulture societies  Not socially stratified, number of prestigious positions is adjusted to fit the number of qualified candidates  Equal access to economic resources—sharing  Rights and privileges differentiated only within families RANK SOCIETIES  little unequal access to economic resources or power, but do have social
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