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Chapter 4

LPP 255 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Strict Scrutiny, Intermediate Scrutiny, Statutory Rape


Department
Law & Public Policy
Course Code
LPP 255
Professor
Unkown
Chapter
4

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Chapter 4
Police powers= state regulatory powers
“Citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several
states”
oPrivileges and immunities clause
Prevents the state from imposing unreasonable burdens on citizens of another
state
“Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, record and judicial proceedings
of every other state”
oFull fait and credit clause
Applies to only civil matters
Ensures that rights established under deeds, wills, contracts and similar
instruments in one state will be honored by other states
Ensures that judicial decisions with respect to such property rights will be
honored and enforced in all states
Checks and balances= allows each branch to limit the actions of the other two branches, no branch
having too much power
oLegislative= enacts a law
Executive= vetoes it
oExecutive= responsible for foreign affairs
Senate= deals with treaties with foreign affairs
oJudicial= power to hold actions of the other two branches unconstitutional
Congress= determines the jurisdiction of the federal courts
President= appoints federal judges
Commerce Clause= prevents states from establishing laws and regulations that would interfere
with trade and commerce
oNational government has the power to regulate interstate commerce
oStates have no authority= “dormant”
Supremacy Clause= Constitution and treaties of the US are the “supreme law of the land”
oFederal law vs. state law = state law is invalid
Concurrent powers= shared powers
Preemption= when Congress acts in an area where federal government and the
states have concurrent powers
Bill of Rights, 10 Amendments
o14th Amendment- “no state shall deprive any person of live, liberty or property without
due process of law”
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