nutrition chapter 10 notes.docx

4 Pages
65 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Nutrition Science & Dietetics
Course
NSD 225
Professor
Brann
Semester
Winter

Description
Aerobic Zone: when you are exercising at an intensity where your heart rate raises to 60-85% of maximum heart rate Aerobic Exercise: endurance exercise that increases heart rate and uses oxygen to provide energy as ATP Aerobic Capacity: maximum amount of oxygen that can be consumed by the tissues during exercise. Also called maximal oxygen consumption or VO2 max Anabolic Steroids: synthetic fat-soluble hormones that mimic testosterone and are used to increase muscle strength and mass Beta-Carotene: dietary antioxidant Body Fat: women: 21-32% of total weight. Men: 8-19% Cardiorespiratory Endurance: efficiency with which the body delivers to cells the oxygen and nutrients needed for muscular activity and transports waste products from cells Carb, Fat, and Protein Needs: 6-10g of carb/kg of body weight per day recommended for athletes. 20-35% of energy is fat. 15-20% of calories from protein (369) Carbohydrate Loading: regimen designed to increase muscle glycogen stores beyond their usual level (373) Chronic Disease: exercise can reduce risk of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, breast and colon cancer, and bone and joint disorders Components of Fitness: endurance, strength, flexibility, body composition Creatine: one of the most popular ergogenic supplements. Nitrogen-containing. Found primarily in muscle, where it is used to make creatine phosphate Creatine Phosphate: a compound stored in muscle that can be broken down quickly to make ATP Endorphins: compounds that cause a natural euphoria and reduce the perception of pain under certain stressful conditions Energy Needs: amount of energy expended for an activity depends on the intensity, duration, and frequency of the activity and the weight of the exerciser ErgogenicAid: substance, an appliance, or procedure that improves athletic performance Fatigue: inability to continue an activity at an optimal level FemaleAthlete Triad: energy restriction, changes in hormone levels that affect menstrual cycle, and disturbances in bone formation and breakdown that can lead to osteoporosis Fitness: set of attributes related to the ability to perform routine physical activities without undue fatigue Flexibility: determines range of motion- how far you can bend and stretch muscles and ligaments. FolicAcid: promoted for aerobic exercise. Involved in transport of oxygen to exercising muscles. Needed for energy metabolism Food Strike Hemolysis: breaking of red blood cells due to contraction of large muscles or impact in events such as running (377) Glycogen Super-Compensation: regimen designed to increase muscle glycogen stores beyond their usual level (373) Heart-Related Illnesses: conditions, including heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke, that can occur due to an unfavorable combination of exercise, hydration status, and climatic conditions Heat Cramps: involuntary muscle spasms that occur during or after intense exercise, usually in the muscles involved in the exercise. Form of heart-related illness caused by imbalance of electrolytes at the muscle cell membranes. Occur when water and salt are lost
More Less

Related notes for NSD 225

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit