Textbook Notes (363,094)
United States (204,402)
Psychology (87)
PSY 205 (46)
Palfai (9)
Chapter 5

PSY 205 Chapter 5.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Syracuse University
PSY 205

Chapter 5 • Kleitman and Aserinksy’s discovery: rapid eye movement related to dreaming • Rapid eye movement: number fascinating insights about what goes on in brain during sleep • Example how contemporary psychologists tried come to grips with slippery topic of consciousness • Consciousness: awareness of internal/external stimuli.- awareness of external events, awareness of internal sensations, awareness of yourself as the unique being having these experiences, awareness of your thoughts about these experiences • William James: stream of consciousness: endless flow of ideas. • Sigmund Freud: what goes on beneath surface. Argued people’s feelings +behavior are influenced by unconscious needs, wishes, and conflicts that lie below surface of conscious awareness • Conscious +unconscious processes are different levels of awareness • Consciousness does not arise from any distinct structure in the brain but rather from activity in distributed networks of neural pathways • Electroencephalograph: device that monitors the electrical activity of the brain over time by means of recording electrodes • Brain waves: rhythm of cortical activity in the brain • Amplitude: height • Frequency: cycles per second • Beta: 13-24 cps Alpha: 8-12 cps Theta: 4-7 cps Delta: under 4 cps • Biological rhythms: periodic fluctuations in physiological functioning • Circadian rhythms: 24-hour biological cycles found in humans and many other species • Jet lag: out of sync with your circadian rhythm • Electromyograph: records muscular activity and tension • Electrooculograph: records eye movement • Sleep spindles: bursts of higher frequency brain waves • Slow wave sleep: consists of sleep stages 3+4, during which high-amplitude, low frequency delta waves become prominent in EEG recordings • Fifth stage: REM sleep- deep stage of sleep of sleep marked by rapid eye movements, high frequency, low amplitude brain waves, and vivid dreaming • Non-REM: sleep consists of sleep stage 1-4, which are marked by an absence of rapid eye movements, relatively little dreaming, and varied EEG activity • Ascending reticular activating system: consists of the incoming nerve fibers running through the reticular formation that influence physiological arousal • Partial sleep deprivation, sleep restriction: occurs when people make do with substantially less sleep over a period of time • Selective deprivation: special type of sleep deprivation • Memory consolidation: REM and slow wave sleep contribute to firming up learning • Neurogenesis: formation of new neurons • Insomnia: refers to chronic probl
More Less

Related notes for PSY 205

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.