PHL 135 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Fallacy, Fetus, Begging

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2 May 2016
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Sometimes implicit because they"re too obvious to mention; readers mentally fill in the blanks: editorials, reports, and essays are sometimes done this way. It is often unclear what premises have been assumed; argument evaluation is difficult. Should also be plausible: as close to the truth as possible; and fitting: coinciding with what you think is the author"s intent). Deconstructing arguments: reason for diagramming is to distinguish the premises and conclusions from background information, redundancies, asides, clarifications, illustrations, and any other material that is logically irrelevant to the argument, cross out the irrelevant information. Moral statements and arguments: moral statement: statement affirming that an action is right or wrong or that a person (or one"s motive or character) is good or bad. Indicator words: wrong, should, ought, good, and immoral: nonmoral statement: don"t affirm that an action is right or wrong or that a person is good or bad. Don"t simply use information found through advocacy groups.

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