Critical Issues in Crime and Justice by Maguire Okada Chapter 7: Gender Matters Trends in Girls Criminality I. Crime Wave a. In 2006, girls accounted for nearly a third (29.1) of juvenile arrests. From the 1960s to the 1980s, girls accounted for between 17 and 22 of juvenile arrests, one fifth of the total. b. Looking specifically at arrest data, it appears that boys arrest peaked in 1993 and then began to drop, but during the same decade, girls arrest continued to climb. a. Girls increased by 6.4 b. Boys decreased by 16.4 II. Delinquency: Gender Matters a. The picture of female delinquency that emerges from the available data reflects the existence of substantial gender differences in both selfreported and official delinquency. a. Girls are les serious delinquents than boys; less chronic and less serious b. Annie E. Casey Foundation a. Girls were more detained for minor offenses such as public disorder, probation violations, status offenses, and traffic offenses. c. Race as well as gender matters a. African American girls make up half of those in secure detention and Latinas at 13 d. The American Correctional Association a. 15 of probation or parole violation b. 9.5 of aggravated assault c. 9 of larcenytheft d. 6.5 of runaway e. Although most girls delinquency involves offenses that are not as legally serious as those committed by boys, tis does not mean that they do not have serious problems. Just because girls are arrested and referred to juvenile courts for legally less serious offenses gives a false impression. III. Girls Crime, Girls Offenses a. In 2006, girls were most frequently arrested for larcenytheft, a property offense (shop lifting). b. Girls were also arrested in large numbers for running away from home, an offense for which only juveniles can be taken into custody. Finally, large numbers of girls were arrested for the seemingly nontraditional offenses of sexual assault and disorderly conduct. c. Key theme = simple assault has replaced runaway arrests.