Barkan, Chapter 4 (Who are the Victims of Crime)
• Crime Victims are someone who suffers because of a crime.
Patterning of Victimization
• Geographical Patterns of Victimization
-Urban areas have higher victimization rates the suburban or rural areas. Social Patterns of
-Victimization varies by the demographic characteristic of people. Gend•r Race and Ethnicity
-Males have a higher victimization rate than females, especially homicide.
-Women experience nearly all the rape victimization
-AfricanAmerican have a higher victimization rate than whites especially for homicide.
• Family Income
-The lower the income the higher the rate of victimization of violent and property crimes.
• Race,Age, and Gender
-AfricanAmerican males are the most likely and old White females are the least likely. -Old are
a lot less likely to be victimized
• Victim Offender Relationship
-Strangers commit more victimization to men .
-Women are more likely to be attacked by someone they know. -Intimate partners commit more
violence towards women than men.
• Perceived Race, Gender, andAge of Offenders
-Most white homicide victims are killed by White offenders. -AfricanAmericans commit the
- Most offenders are male.
-Most offenders are young.
-Most offenders are white. (NCVS)
• Crime Characteristics
-There is a heavy involvement of alcohol and drugs in violent crimes. -Crimes mainly occur at
-Weapons are used 20% of the time in violent crimes
-About 60% of