FMST 101 Ch. 1 The Changing Family Notes.pdf

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Family and Human Services
FMST 101
Andrew Quach

FMST 101 Chapter 1: The Changing Family ▯ What Is a Family? • Changes in the family reflect adaptations to larger societal transformations • The meaning of family changes over time and contexts and cultures • Some individuals include fictive kin who are accepted as part of the family but have no blood ties • Recent rise in single parenthood means that fictive kin become more important in overall view of the family For this class, a family is an intimate group of two or more people who - Live together in a committed relationship - Care for one another and any children - Share activities and close emotional ties ▯ Regulation of Sexual Activity • Family provides norms for sexual activity • Families also prevent doubts about the legitimacy of children and property rights in some cultures ▯ Procreation and Socialization • Procreation is an essential function because it ensures continuation of society • The family unit proves the place for socialization, where children learn cultural rules and customs ▯ Economic Security • Families provide for their own physical survival and financial security and stability • It is becoming imperative that both parents work full-time jobs to support their family ▯ Emotional Support • Emotional support is one of the most important aspects of family • Cooley proposed that family is the main primary group in every society ▯ Social Class Placement • A social class is a category of people who have a similar stand or rank in society • We are born into a specific social class based on parents’ income, education, job, attitudes, and values ▯ What Is Marriage? Marriage is: • A socially approved mating relationship • An expectation of stability and long term Ceremonial marriage: • Couples follow procedures specified by the state or other jurisdiction • Marriage is akin to a legal contract Common-law marriages: • People establish a relationship and consider themselves husband and wife but.. • they have never performed a ceremony to solidify their commitment • General requirements: • Couple must live together
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