FMST 101 Ch. 3 The Family in Historical Perspective Notes.pdf

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Family and Human Services
FMST 101
Andrew Quach

FMST 101 Chapter 3: The Family in Historical Perspective ▯ ▯ The Early Family▯ ▪ Members worked together to provide what they needed ▪ The family provided schooling for children and a vocational institution ▪ The family was the center of spiritual, emotional, and psychological development and support ▯ Husbands and Wives ▪ Strong relationships but: ▪ Women subordinate to men Men expected to look after economic well-being of the family and women were to provide a supporting role. • Few courts permitted divorce at the time, but for someone to get a divorce the charge had to be: • Adultery • Bigamy • Desertion • Impotence ▯ Children’s Lives ▪ Children’s lives were dominated by the concepts of repression, religion, and respect. ▪ The entire community worked together to keep children in their place. ▪ Children were expected to be extraordinarily well behaved, obedient, and docile ▯ Industrialization ▪ Industrialization created a cult of domesticity ▪ Glorification of women’s domestic roles in order to compensate for their inability to earn income. ▪ Household duties reframed as means for women to develop their strengths and abilities ▯ Impact of Industrialization on Families & Children Families • Urbanization and technological advances created a new type of family: the companionate household • Companionate families were built on sexual attraction, compatibility, and personal happiness • Hdependent on each other for company and a sense of belongingbecame Children • Fathers began to lose control over the lives of their children • Biggest change was families viewed childhood as a distinct developmental period. • Children not seen as “miniature adults” ▯ Effects of Historical Events & Social/Cultural Eras on Families The Great Depression • Men left their families to search for work • Oftentimes this involved traveling hundreds of miles and not seeing their family for months • The rest of the family subsisted on little to no resources • Many young women moved to cities to support their families • More likely to be hired in factories
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