FMST 101 Ch. 8: Dating and Mate Selection Notes.pdf
FMST 101 Ch. 8: Dating and Mate Selection Notes.pdf

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Towson University
Family and Human Services
FMST 101
Andrew Quach

FMST 101 Chapter 8: Dating and Mate Selection ▯ Why Do We Date? 䡦 We date in order to look at the assets and liabilities in each partner and decide which is the best for what they have to offer. 䡦 Dating fulfills a number of manifest and latent functions that vary according to a person’s age, social class, and gender. ▯ Functions of Dating 䡦 Manifest Functions ▯ Maturation ▯ Fun and recreation ▯ Companionship ▯ Love and affection ▯ Mate selection 䡦 Latent Functions ▯ Socialization ▯ Social status ▯ Fulfillment of ego needs ▯ Sexual experimentation and intimacy ▯ Business ‘ ▯ Contemporary Dating 䡦 More casual and usually happens in groups. ▯ Adolescents & young adults reframe dating as “hanging out with friends.” ▯ “Hanging out can lead to “Hooking up” or “Getting together” ■ “Hook up” is a little more serious and usually involves a physical encounter (ranges from kissing to sex). ■ “Getting together” is more intimate and structured than “hooking up” and “hanging out”. ▯ Sociological Factors Influencing Mate Selection: Homogamy & Heterogamy 䡦 Homogamy is the tendency to be attracted to and become involved people who are similar in terms of age, race, religion, social class, etc. 䡦 The more couples have in common, the higher the reported relationship satisfaction and the more durable the relationship. ▯ ▯ Sociological Factors Influencing Mate Selection: Homogamy & Heterogamy 䡦 Homogamy Theory ▯ People are attracted to individuals with similar traits & qualities ■ Race ■ Fewer than 5% of persons marry someone outside their race. ■ Less than 1% of marriages consist of a white spouse & a black spouse. ■ Age ■ Marry closer to your age ■ Men select women 3 to 5 years younger ▯ People are attracted to individuals with similar traits ■ Education ■ Women more likely to marry someone with less education ■ Physical Appearance ■ Marry someone with similar physical attractiveness ■ Marital Status ■ Society influences us to seek people of similar relationship backgrounds ■ Religion/ Spirituality ■ Disharmony can dissolve marriages ■ Personality 䡦 Increases in diversity and multiculturalism have created relationships that are non- traditional and cross social categories ▯ Same-sex relationships ▯ Social class relationships ▯ Interfaith relationships ▯ Interracial and interethnic relationships ▯ Sociological Factors Influencing Mate Selection: Future Offspring 䡦 Selection of mates based on concern for producing offspring. ▯ Men: ■ Young, physically healthy, attractive, and sexually conservative ■ Nurturance, patience, self-sacrifice, and emotionally balanced between spouse and children ■ ▯ ▯ Women: ■ Physically healthy ■ Ambitious, good economic capacity, responsible, selfless and willing to
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