Textbook Notes (362,812)
United States (204,237)
Psychology (57)
PSYC 101 (39)
Chapter 1

PSYC 101 Chapter 1: What is Psychology.pdf

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Towson University
PSYC 101
Barbara Wilson

PSYC 101 Chapter 1: What is Psychology?▯ Psychology: Scientific study of behavior and mental processes▯ 3 Key components:▯ -Science: Scientific methods to observe behavior▯ -Behavior: what can be directly observed▯ -Mental Processes: thoughts, feelings, motives that we experience privately, cannot be ob- served ▯ Testing assumptions▯ Skepticism▯ - skeptical people challenge whether a fact is true ▯ - They question what everyone knows (Ex. women are inferior to men) ▯ Objectivity▯ -Be open to the evidence▯ -Use the empirical method to learn - the empirical method is gaining information through obser- vations, collecting data, logical reasoning▯ Curiosity▯ ▯ History of Psychology has it roots in▯ how was the discipline of psychology come to be▯ Western Philosophy▯ -Ancient greece 4th and 5th century▯ -Socrates, plato, aristotle debated the nature of thought and behavior and the link between mind and body. is there a link between the mind and the body?▯ -Psychology grew out of this tradition of thinking about the body and mind▯ ▯ Biology and Psychology▯ Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)▯ -German philosopher and also a physician ▯ ▯ -in 1879 he established the first psychology lab initially because he wanted to study the ▯ ▯ workings of the brain and how mental processes could be measured.▯ ▯ -He was intent on identifying the structures of the mind- structures of mental processes▯ ▯ -His method of study was introspection: looking inside▯ ▯ -He used a systematic approach and part of the way he collected data was to get self reports from the participants in a controlled laboratory▯ ▯ ▯ William James(Functionalism) (1842-1910)▯ -philosopher▯ ▯ -He was interested in what was the purpose of the mind, what was the function?]▯ ▯ - Identified the functions and purposes of the mind and the human process ▯ ▯ - what was the purpose of thoughts▯ ▯ -Why is human thought adaptable▯ ▯ - Stream of consciousness: The mind is flexible and fluid▯ ▯ Contemporary approaches:▯ Current Physiological ▯ ▯ Perspectives/approaches:▯ • Biological▯ • Behavioral ▯ • Psychodynamic▯ • humanistic ▯ • cognitive▯ • Evolutionary▯ • Sociocultural▯ ▯ Biological Approach: focuses on the brain and the central nervous system.Looks at genetics ▯ ▯ -Neuroscience▯ -The scientific study of the structure, function, development, genetics, biochemistry of the ner- vous system, emphasizing that the brain and NS are key to understanding behavior, thoughts and emotions▯ - Allowed psychologist to better understand the brain as amazing complex organ▯ Behavioral Approach: emphasizes the scientific study of behavior responses and the environ- ment ▯ -Focuses on the environmental determinants of observable behavior▯ Behaviorist Appro
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.