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Chapter 1

PSYC 201 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: John Dewey, Educational Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Course Code
PSYC 201
Barbara Wilson

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Learning Goals
Exploring Educational Psychology
- Historical Background
- Teaching: Art and Science
Effective teachers……
Emphasize how to learn rather than what to learn
Teacher students how to read with genuine, comprehension, shape an idea,
master difficult material and use writing to clarify thinking
Include students in the process of teaching and learning (Metzger, 1966)
Educational Psychology- Branch of psychology that specializes in understanding teaching and
learning in educational settings
Psychology- Scientific study of behavior and mind
Behavior- Something you can already observe
Mental Process- Something you cannot observe
Historical background of ED PSYCH
1850 1875 1900 1925 1950
William James (1842-1910)
Emphasized the importance of observing teaching and learning in the classroom
for improving education
Start lessons just beyond child's level of knowledge and understanding to stretch
child's mind and understanding
John Dewey (1859-1952)
Viewed the child as active learner
Emphasized the child's adaptation to the environment
Pushed for competent education for all children
Everyone deserved a good education not just white people
All races/cultures
Established 1st major US educational psychology lab
Labs are needed for all types of sciences- psych is a science
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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