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FAH-0015 (4)

2-26 Shinden zukuri_ Heian Imperial Palace.pdf

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Tufts University
History of Art
Ikumi Kaminishi

Heian-kyo (Capital Heian, or Kyoto) • Today, focusing on "secular" buildings: secular but not the same as the ordinary commoner's; built for the upper, aristocratic class • The image on the right: the rectangular box "Original Plan" from the left image • Imperial court of the Heian-kyo: Dai-Dairi (Grand Imperial court) ⿞To the South: houses developed Space and time of "hare" and "ke" • Hare: sacred, pure, ceremonial, public • Ke: profane (in spiritual sense), tainted, casual, private • From Heian city plan ⿞Dai-Dairi (Grand Imperial court; literally, Grand-Dairi): many adminitrative buildings; rebuilt today ‣ Dairi (Imperial palace, residence) • So far the styles we looked at: ⿞Asuka ⿞Nara ⿞Zenshuyo (Kamakura) ⿞Shoin (Muromachi) ⿞Soan: Sen Rikyu, Taian teahouse ⿞Shinden (Heian): today • For the midterm, know the timeline, periods (Asuka, Nara, Heian, Kamakura, Muromachi) Chodo-in in the Dai-Dairi • Imperial court and offices • Chodo-in: the court within Dai-Dairi • Model after Nara plans, which were modeled after Tang Chinese court • Daigokuden ceremonial hall (several fires; last one 1177; wasn't rebuilt until the 1880s when Japanese "imperialism" began) • 12 inner office buildings • 2 outer office buildings • 3 main gates (2 in the south) • After the main gates in the south, an open court, and then Daigokuden (the most official; for rituals; ceremonial hall) • Symmetrical with Daigokuden in the middle: very Tang Chinese • Also axial plan, another Tang Chinese feature Copy of the 11th century Daigokuden (Present-day Heian Shrine, 1895) • 5/8 smaller than the past Daigokuden • 11 bays by 4 bays • Another Tang Chinese element kept: red and green (rooftiles) ⿞Based on the original appearance • Now called Heian Shrine: a Shinto shrine (a huge Torii made of concrete) • Similar to the Phoenix Hall: ⿞Stretches out to left and right: two watchtowers ‣ White Tiger (West) Tower ‣ Blue Dragon (East) Tower • East always associated with blue, male, yang • West: white, female, yin • The two creating harmony and chi that is good for the court • Ex. The movie Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon • Left: Dairi not directly on the axial ⿞Asymmetrical, Japanese, private • Dairi (Inner Palace): ⿞Entered from the south ⿞Shishinden: right in the middle ⿞Seiryoden: to the side • Shishin-den (Main office)
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