Textbook Notes (368,566)
United States (206,084)
Music (1)
MUS-0143 (1)
Chapter

mahler/debussy/20th cent notes

4 Pages
76 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Music
Course
MUS-0143
Professor
Joseph Auner
Semester
Spring

Description
Western Music Mahler/Debussy/Early Twentieth Century Hugo Wolf Adapted Wagners methods for lied Produced most of 250 lied during short periods of intense creativity Ideal of equality between words and music, voice and piano Lebe Wohl! continuity in instrument chromatic voice leading, app., vague tonality a la tristan all 12 chromatic notrs appear in first phrase, cromatic saturation Richard Strauss Known for tone poems, his name for symphonic poem (one move programmed work, combining symphonic procedure with analogies to literature) Don Juan, first mature work Evokes general moods more than specific plots Till Eulenspiegel Much more specific, representaitional Program music trait shown, though events and ideas outside music explain certain ideas, the music still mostly makes sense on its own Also Spoke Zarasthrusa Neitzche believed in ‘superhero’ideal over christian ethic Mostly philosophical Don Quixote play with musical ideas chamber music sound, because it is concieved in contrapuntal lines Gustav Mahler Known as a dynamic conductor Spent time in new york after 07 Symphonist, song composer And often these crossed Symphony as “world creation” First Symphony used musical styles as topics strings sustainAin seven octaves, a la space ie humans and nature on great landscape Used big orchestras, but for their pieces effects from delicate to gigantic Fourth Symphony begins in one key, ends in other, ie life doesnt always take you home first movement recalls 18th cent symphony, contrasting sonata form with romantic styles Classical era wit second theme sounds romantic, introduced in cellos and joined by horn “feverish dream in which remembered images pop us from the subconcious in strange and distorted guises” motives from themes are reassigned to different instruments and recombined in new ways recalls Freud, breaking up rationality of the enlightment Why does pop music use mostly strophic forms? Kindertotenlieder orchestral song cycle (First song) post-wagnerian harmony, creates intense emotion through contrasts of dissonance with consonance, chromaticism with diatonicism thin textures, simple melodies irony all through (Second Song), poems translated from chinese alternate between frenzied grasping at dreamlike whirl of life and sad resignation calls on orchestra to support singers Modernity Rapid and vast social and technological change mass producedAutomobiles in 1903, flyig in 1908 new player pianos, phonographs, film World War I, collapses with in human progress with war machinery killing millions US emerges as world power large scale immigration and inmigration Freudian psychology human behavior springs from unconcious desires that are repressed by cultural restraints and dreams are a window in and humans could be conditioned to respond to certain stimula in certain ways Art begins to exist for its own sake success now measured by critics impressionism, effect on light given importance, along with capturing atmosphere art seeked a deeper engagment from viewers Vernacular Traditions Appeal to wide audiences with widely understood language, as opposed to elite Gains permanence in twentieth century Musical, new genre music drawn from popular music in context of spoken play with comic or romantic plot Silent film first, luminous mime shows often performed by pianist in theatre improvised, or play excerpts from memory in large theatres, there were even orchestras cue sheets, to control audiences react
More Less

Related notes for MUS-0143

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit