They Rhyme of History: Lessons of the Great War
• why did WWI happen?
• how can we avoid a repeat of this momentous conflict?
• fear instilled by chemical warfare
• Mark Twain, “History never repeats itself, but it rhymes.”
• no matter how you interpret it, history does provide us with warnings
• we can parallel all of the unsettling shifts in today’s world with the years leading up to the Great
• 1914- globalization was taking place
• Europe andAmerica were examples of humanity’s progress; war seemed barbaric
• was the world changing too much? too fast? not in the right way?
• Ralph NormanAngell, people failed to see the negative aspects of interdependence
o the upper class was not happy with the growing middle class
o people became extremists/radicals (politically speaking) and were blaming entire groups
of people for things that didn’t go their way (usually economically speaking)
• “Globalization can also have the paradoxical effect of fostering intense localism and nativism,
frightening people into taking refuge in the comfort of small, like-minded groups.”
o can bring together people who have radical ideas
o heighten rivalries and fears
o “globalization has lulled us into a false sense of safety”
o according to G.W. Bush, “the spread of democracy and free trade across the world is the
surest guarantee of international stability and peace.”
U.S. and China?
• today, as in 1914, we are witnessing emerging powers challeng