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PS-0061 (13)

Lessons of the Great War

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Tufts University
Political Science
Kelly Greenhill

They Rhyme of History: Lessons of the Great War • why did WWI happen? • how can we avoid a repeat of this momentous conflict? • fear instilled by chemical warfare • Mark Twain, “History never repeats itself, but it rhymes.” • no matter how you interpret it, history does provide us with warnings • we can parallel all of the unsettling shifts in today’s world with the years leading up to the Great War • 1914- globalization was taking place • Europe andAmerica were examples of humanity’s progress; war seemed barbaric • was the world changing too much? too fast? not in the right way? • Ralph NormanAngell, people failed to see the negative aspects of interdependence o the upper class was not happy with the growing middle class o people became extremists/radicals (politically speaking) and were blaming entire groups of people for things that didn’t go their way (usually economically speaking) • “Globalization can also have the paradoxical effect of fostering intense localism and nativism, frightening people into taking refuge in the comfort of small, like-minded groups.” o can bring together people who have radical ideas o heighten rivalries and fears o “globalization has lulled us into a false sense of safety” o according to G.W. Bush, “the spread of democracy and free trade across the world is the surest guarantee of international stability and peace.”  U.S. and China? • today, as in 1914, we are witnessing emerging powers challeng
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