HD 382 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Montessori Education, Operant Conditioning, Social Learning Theory
"children are not like adults, with all the faculties of maturity on a reduced scale, but unique and very different creatures" "the child"s senses, instincts, views of truth, credulity, emotions, and feelings towards objects have very little in common with ours. John watson- father of american behaviorism: emphasized the role of the environment on childrearing, recommended that parents use a scientific approach to child socialization. Insecure-resistant/ambivalent attachment: disorganized attachment, ainsworth also documented: Jean piaget- children actively engage in their environments. Infants and children are cognitively capable human beings with inborn reflexes that are very quickly altered by their active engagement of the environment: children construct their own cognitive structures. Families who are launching their children into adult roles. From empty nest to retirement: the aging family. From retirement to death of both parents: does not take into account families whose life cycles exemplify alternative developmental sequences.