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Chapter 6

PSY 101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Operant Conditioning, Learned Helplessness, Digestion

Course Code
PSY 101

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Chapter 6: Learning
At the end of this Chapter you should be able to:
Understand the perspective of learning theory
The role of habituation in learning
Learn about Classical Conditioning
Learn about Instrumental Conditioning
Have a basic understanding about varieties of learning
What is learning?
Simply, learning is a relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience
Some learning involves development of new skills - I am learning how to ride a bike.
Some learning involves changes in existing behavior. - She’s learning to control her temper.
Some learning involves simple associations. - I finally learned that where there is smoke,
there is fire.
And sometimes it involves learning complex belief systems.- He is trying to learn the
Buddhists view of life.
We also figure things out for ourselves. - Learning a mathematical formula.
Learning can also be imposed on us by circumstance. - If you touch a hot stove, you’ll burn
your hand.
Learning Theory
What mechanisms are responsible for the complexity of learning?
Locke (1600s) and Berkeley (early1700s)
We learn by associating one idea with another
The word “flower” with the smell and sight of a flower
The word “stove” with the sensation of heat
More complex learning, more associations
Animals vs. Human
Study of animals: reveals same principles of learning that apply to humans
How does a dog learn to sit on command?
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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