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Chapter 12

ANTH 266 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Climate Change Mitigation, Rebound Effect, 2Degrees


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 266
Professor
Jen Shaffer
Chapter
12

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The Climate Mitigation Gap
Introduction
Most current pathways to stay under the rise of 2 degrees require unproven technologies
National policies and energy transformations often take decades, but behavioral shifts
can be more widespread and quicker
Claim that adolescents will be the best to start making the shift
Individuals have a poor understanding of which actions are more effective than others
Methods
High impact actions:
Choice to focus on developed regions is due to higher emissions production and
consumption in those regions
All actions framed in such a way that they would take the maximum possible
effect
Substitution effects and rebound effects reduces emission benefits of high-impact
actions
Substitution effects: Avoidance of emissions from one action is replace by
emissions from another action
Rebound effects: reduced consumption in one area leads to increased
consumption elsewhere
Textbook analysis:
When talking about individuals, the textbook explained the source of emissions
without telling how to reduce emissions
Government documents
Compared three countries: Australia, Canada, and US
Results
Textbooks focus on moderate impact actions like recycling or reducing home energy use
Four recommended actions that are of substantial magnitude throughout the developed
world:
Having one fewer child
Living car free
Avoiding air travel
Eat a plant-based diet
Greater reductions are available when moving away from a polluting technology
compared with using the cleanest available technology or incremental technological
improvements
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