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Chapter 3

ENGL 125 Chapter 3: Making Environmental Policy

Course Code
ENGL 125
Michael Collier

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Making Environmental Policy
Policy Process Model:
Agenda setting
How problems are defined
Develops public opinion of environmental problems
Organizees public concerns and new policy ideas
Policy formulation
Design/draft policy goals and strategies
Involves science, economics, and analysis
Policy legitimation
Authorizes government action
Mobilizes public, interest group, and public official support
Policy implementation
Puts program into effect
Policy and program evaluation
Policy change
If new information is recognized
If political environment shifts
Problem stream: provides data about environmental conditions and trends, may shif thte
Policy stream: what could be done about the presented environmental problems
Political stream: political climate or national mood towards the environmental problems
and existing policies
Characteristics of US Government and Politics:
Competition between parties inhibits calition abuilding and developing cohesive
environmental policies
Motivation for policy is reinforced by geographics and elected members to pay
more attention to their reelection
Checks and balances can lead to policy stalement or gridlock
Environmental problems not addressed quickly
Dispersal of congressional power
Executive branch has a divided authority
Benefits of dispersed power:
Congressional commitees
Courts can serve a gatekeeper function and can set standards
State and local governments still have power
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