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Chapter 4

BIL 150 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Covalent Bond, Isomer, Butane

Course Code
BIL 150
Gaines Michael

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Chapter 4 – Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
All living organisms are made up of chemicals based mostly on the
element carbon
oCarbon enters the biosphere through the action of plants and other
photosynthetic organisms
Organic chemistry – the study of carbon compounds
Carbon atoms can form diverse molecules by bonding to four other atoms
(valence shell)
oThe electron configuration of carbon gives it covalent compatibility
with many different elements (hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen are
the most frequent)
Hydrocarbons – organic molecules consisting of only carbon and
oHydrocarbons are the major components of petroleum
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