BIL 160 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Paramecium, Eukaryote, Plant
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Chapter 1- Evolution, the Themes of Biology, and Scientific Inquiry
CONCEPT 1.2- The Core Theme: Evolution accounts for the unity and
diversity of life
• Keep = Kingdom
• Pond = Phylum
• Clean = Class
• Or = Order
• Froggy = Family
• Gets = Genus
• Sick = species
• Taxonomy- the branch of biology that names and classifies species,
formalizes this ordering of species into groups of increasing bread, based
on the degree to which they share characteristics.
• Bacteria and archae are prokaryotic.
• Bacteria are the most diverse
• Eukarya are eukaryotes
• This domain includes three kingdoms of multicellular eukaryotes:
kingdoms Plantae, Fungi, and Animalia.
• Plants produce their own sugars and other food by photosynthesis,
fungi absorb dissolved nutrients from their surroundings, and
animals obtain food by eating and digesting other organisms.
• Single-celled eukaryotes= protists
• The cilia of the single-celled Paramecium propel the organism through
• Evolution- the process of change that has transformed life on Earth,
accounts for the unity and diversity of life. It also explains evolutionary
adaptation- the match of organisms to their environments.
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