pgs 520-524.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL 201
Professor
Sylvia Thompson
Semester
Fall

Description
pgs. 520­ 524 09/17/2012 Civil Rights Before the Twentieth Century Civil rights­ guarantees of equal treatment by government officials, regarding political rights,  the judicial system, and public programs An Initial Absence of Civil Rights Constitution and Bill of Rights say nothing about equality except due process in the courts (nor  did state constitutions) Inequality of African Americans and Women • African Americans lived in slavery with no rights • Even in the north, denied entry to certain occupations, threatened, etc. (BUT some could  vote) • Dred Scott v. Sandford­ blacks had no rights that whites or government were bound to honor  or respect • For women, no state allowed them to vote, few allowed them to sit in juries, and some denied  them right to hold property/ enter contracts Many African Americans voted where allowed, and ran the underground railroad, big in  abolitionist movement Black and White women big in the abolitionist movement and fight for women’s rights • Elizabeth Cady Stanton­ Seneca Falls Convention – Declaration of Sentiments and  Resolutions  The Civil War Amendments Foundations for civil rights th • 13  Amendment (1865)­ outlaw slavery • 14  Amendment (1868)­ reversed Dred Scott by making all people born or naturalized in the  US (black or white), citizens of US and states of which they reside. Article I of the  amendment provides privileges and immunities clause, due process clause;  equal protection  clause • privileges and immunities clause­ states that citizens from out of state have t
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