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Chapter 6

Psychology Across Cultures Chapter 6 Notes -- did very well in this course

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PSY 210
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Chapter 6: Conformity and Obedience What Is Conformity? • Conformity- a change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagined group pressure • Compliance- conformity that involved publicly acting in accord with an implied or explicit request while privately disagreeing • Obedience- acting in accord with a direct order or command • Acceptance- conformity that involves both acting and believing in accord with social pressure • Conformity comes in two forms: o Compliance is outwardly going along with the group while inwardly disagreeing  Asubset of compliance is obedience, compliance with a direct command o Acceptance is believing as well as acting in accord with social pressure What are the Classic Conformity and Obedience Studies? • Sherif’s Studies of Norm Formation o Autokinetic phenomenon- self motion. The apparent movement of a stationary point of light in the dark o Sherif observed that others’judgments influenced people’s estimates of the movement of a point of light that actually did not move o Norms for “proper” answers emerged and survived both over long periods of time and through succeeding generations of research participants • Asch’s Studies of Group Pressure o Asch had people listen to others’judgments of which of three comparison lines was equal to a standard line and then make the same judgment themselves o When the others unanimously gave a wrong answer, the participants conformed 37% of the time • Milgram’s Obedience Experiments o Milgram’s obedience experiments elicited an extreme form of compliance o Under certain conditions, 65% of his male participants fully obeyed instructions to deliver what were supposedly traumatizing electric shocks to a screaming, innocent victim • These experiments expose that behavior and attitudes are mutually reinforcing, enabling a small act of evil to foster the attitude that leads to a bigger evil act. The power of the situation can induce good people to commit reprehensible acts and vice versa • Research Close-Up-Page 191: o Is yawning contagious? Study done by Provine o Showed videos of a smiling adult or a yawning adult, parts of whose face were masked for two of the groups.A yawning mouth triggered som
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