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Chapter 13

Child And Adolescent Development Chapter 13 Notes - 4.0ed this course

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University of Miami
PSY 230

Chapter 13 Gender and Development (13.1 and 13.2 on Test 4/4/14) 13.1-Gender Stereotypes How Do We View Men and Women? • Gender stereotypes are beliefs about how males and females differ in personality traits, interests, and behaviors • These male-associated traits are called instrumental because they describe individuals who act on the world and influence it • Female-associated traits are called expressive, because they describe emotional functioning and individuals who value interpersonal relationships • Instrumental traits describe individuals who act on the world, and are usually associated with males. Expressive traits describe individuals who value interpersonal relationships, and are usually associated with females Learning Gender Stereotypes: • By age 4, children have substantial knowledge of gender-stereotypic activities. During elementary school they come to know gender-stereotypic traits and behaviors • Older children also understand that traits and occupations associated with males have higher social status and that stereotypes are not necessarily binding 13.2-Differences Related to Gender • In The Psychology of Sex Differences, published in 1974, Eleanor Maccoby and Carol Jacklin concluded that males and fe
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