Textbook Notes (363,212)
United States (204,436)
Psychology (112)
PSY 260 (4)
all (4)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3 Notes

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Miami
PSY 260

Ch. 3: Theories of Personality Personality perspectives: reflect broad areas of interest such as • Biological underpinnings • Psychological processes Personality Theories: sets of related assumptions about personality • Psychodynamic • Humanistic Micro-Theories: specific sets of testable hypotheses • People repress uncomfortable memories • People’s motives direct them in different ways *All theoretical levels are informed by empirical findings Major Perspectives – biological, intro-psychic, social, developmental – each has sub- micro theories Why Study Theoretical Perspectives • They collect together theoretical issues concerning personality that have emerged throughout history • Understanding them provides a context for what you will encounter • Personality psychologists are informed by them Biopsychology • Concerns biological explanations and substrates for psychological phenomena • Major theories o Psychoevolutionary – procreation and survival drives everything o Biopsychological – think about things that have hereditarily happened Evolutionary Theory • Organisms with certain features are better able to adapt to hostile forces of nature • Behaviorally, we all face certain questions: who is m ally/enemy? What should I eat? Who should I marry? • Individuals who answer those questions better than others are better adapted • Because they better adapt, they are better able to survive and reproduce • Their genes in the gene pool that control behavioral differences Central Ideas of Biopsychology • Genetics influence the brain • The brain influences behavior through o Brain structure o Neurotransmitters o Hormones Genetic Influences as Viewed through Twin Studies • Monozygotic twins… 100% genetic material in common • Diszygotic twins… 50% genetic material in common • Cousins, aunts, uncles… 25% • Strangers… 0% Corpus Collusum: permits communication between the two hemispheres • When it is larger it better permits a person to integrate emotion and thought Central Ideas of the Trait Approach • There are consistencies in personal behavior • These consistencies are important parts of personality called traits • Personality is the search for and understanding of traits • Gordon Allport Big 5 Traits: Openness, conscienciousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism Traits on a continuum: not all or none! – optimistic to pessimistic Central Psychodynamic Ideas: conscious – ego, superego, ID, unconscious, preconscious • Central idea(s)” o Parts of personality  Conscious  Unconscious o Parts dynamically struggle with one another o Dynamics can be changed for the better Psychodynamic Perspective – example – patient in psychotherapy • Person free associates until unconscious desires are uncovered • The person will be mentally healthier by making the unconscious conscious Psychodynamic Principles – from Freud’s original theory • Personality, predictable structure unconscious processes • Developmental value of childhood – determining how we behave as adults • Personality is shape
More Less

Related notes for PSY 260

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.