Textbook Notes (369,072)
United States (206,190)
Psychology (112)
PSY 260 (4)
all (4)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2 Notes

3 Pages
70 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 260
Professor
all

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
Part 1: Exploring Personality Chapter 2: Research in Personality • Molar (sociological) – The Incorporate Environment • Intermediate (psychological) – the personality system – the situation -- *personal- report data* -- • Molecular (biological) – the brain and nervous system – the setting Major Types of External-Source Data • Institutional records – grades, marriage certificates, newspaper articles etc. • Observer report – what other observers say about us Major Types of Personal-report Data • Self-judgment – agreeing or disagreeing with a given statement about oneself • Convergent-report – constructing a response that meets a criterion • Thematic-report – creating responses that reflect themes or ideas • Process – report – pertaining to something going on in your mind at the moment Case studies • Easily understandable • Colorful and interesting • Hypothesis generation tools • Unrepresentative • No control Observationism – repeated, intensive, study of cases, over consistent conditions Review of correlation: A. Correlation examines the co-relation between two variables B. Symbol: r C. The r varies from -1.0 to 1.0 D. 1.0 and -1.0 represent perfect relations E. 0 represents a random selection • scatter plot with a slope ex. .83 = percentage = 83% - high relationship but not directly correlated – negative and positive correlations Experimental Methods • Quasi-Experimental Designs o Natural treatment o No randomization – self-selected – too specific to be random o Creative personalities • True Experimental Designs o Experimenter-applied treatments o Randomization Measure of Attributes o Measure attributes of the object o For example, measurement of o Length o Weight Psychometric Theory A. Theories of How to Measure Abstract, Mental Phenomena B. The Central Equation X, the obtained test score * X = T + e * T, the true score e, the error score Reliability A. Demonstration: Take and score a test B. Volunteer scores C. Reliability: does a test measure with consistency? a. Reliability in a Physical Measurement Reliability: • Informal: that a test
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit