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Music (6)
MUS 103 (6)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1-Sound.docx

2 Pages

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MUS 103
Michael Rowlett

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Chapter 1—Sound I. Pitch a. Depends on the rate of vibration (frequency) of the sound-producing medium. i. Sound is produced by vibrating mediums b. Frequency i. A faster rate of vibration, or higher frequency, causes a higher pitch ii. A slower rate of vibration, or lower frequency, causes a lower pitch iii. Register: a particular range of pitches c. Naming pitches i. Tone: a specific pitch, produced by sound waves with constant rate of vibration. 1. Western music uses the letters A through G to name the specific tones (reference piano keyboard) 2. Any key’s nearest neighbor, up or down, is referred to as a half step. 3. Sharp: one half step higher in pitch than the corresponding white key 4. Flat: one half-step lower in pitch than the corresponding white key d. Notating Pitches i. Staff: five lines and four spaces that music is written of; forms a ladder; each line or space represents a specific pitch
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