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Chapter 6

PSY 383 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Hans Selye, Coronary Artery Disease, Allostatic Load

Psychology Main
Course Code
PSY 383
O' Connor

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Danny Holcomb
Professor O’Connor
Health Psych
27 September 2016
Chapter 6 Reading Notes
1. The first set of pathways identified by researchers through which stress leads to
poor health involves direct effects on physiology
2. What are the characteristic features of Hans Selye’s general adaptation syndrome?
When a person confronts a stressor, it mobilizes itself for action and the person
responds with the same physiological pattern of reactions
3. According to the demand-control-support model, when high demands and low
control are combined with little social support at work, the risk for coronary artery
disease is greater.
4. What are the drawbacks of the general adaptation syndrome of Hans Selye? It
indicates that all stressors produce the same endocrinological responses, which
is untrue and it assigns a very limited role to psychological factors
5. Role Conflict occurs when a person receives conflicting information about work
tasks or standards from different individuals
6. According to research, women are more distressed by adverse changes at home
7. Match the phases of the general adaptation syndrome to their appropriate
descriptions: Alarm- the person becomes mobilized to meet the threat. Resistance-
the person makes efforts to cope with the threat, through confrontation for
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example. Exhaustion- the person fails to overcome the threat and depletes his or
her physiological resources in the process of trying
8. The poor show a lower adaptation to chronic stressors in the environment because
they have lesser control over their environments
9. Identify the true statements regarding cortisol levels after repeated activation of
the HPA axis due to chronic stress: people have elevated cortisol levels long into
the afternoon or evening and people have exaggerated cortisol levels in response
to a challenge.
10. The concept of allostatic load has been developed to refer to the physiological
costs of chronic exposure to the physiological changes that result from repeated or
chronic stress.
11. Supportive social contacts are protective of health, although stress can alter
people’s behavior in an unfavorable manner counteracting these health benefits.
12. Identify the factors that predict if people eventually habituate to a chronic stressor
in the environment: type of stressor, subjective experience of stress, intensity of
the stressor
13. Why is research relating chronic stress to health outcomes difficult to conduct? It
is difficult to show that a particular chronic stressor is the factor that caused
illness and inventories that assess chronic strain may tap psychological distress
and neuroticism
14. Stress is a negative emotional experience accompanied by predictable
biochemical, physiological, cognitive, and behavioral changes that are directed
either toward altering the stressful event or accommodating to its events.
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