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Chapter 8

PSY 383 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Psych, Institute For Operations Research And The Management Sciences, Uptodate

Psychology Main
Course Code
PSY 383
O' Connor

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Danny Holcomb
Professor O’Connor
Health Psych
21 October 2016
Chapter 8 Reading Notes
1. Financial strain, disruptions in personal relationships, and other stressors lead
people to believe that they are ill
2. Illness brings certain benefits such as the ability to rest and be cared for, time off
from work, and freedom from unpleasant tasks. This is known as secondary gains
3. Identify the periods of delay: medical delay, behavioral delay, illness delay, and
appraisal delay
4. An interesting situation makes people more attentive to symptoms than does a
boring situation: false
5. An informal network of friends and family who offer their interpretations of
symptoms, usually before any medical treatment is sought is called a lay referral
6. Match the delay periods to their corresponding descriptions: appraisal delay- the
time taken to decide that a symptom is serious, Illness delay- the time between the
recognition that a symptom implies an illness and the decision to seek treatment,
behavioral delay- the time between deciding to seek treatment and actually doing
so, medical delay- the time between calling for an appointment and receiving
appropriate medical care
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7. Sam suffers from symptoms such as seizures, skin discoloration, and a lump, but
still does not visit a doctor to check the symptoms. This is an example of delay
8. Identify the three models of illness that people have: cyclic illness, acute illness,
and chronic illness
9. The commonsense model of illness argues that people hold implicit logical beliefs
about their symptoms and illnesses that result in organized illness representations
or schemas
10. Match the following information about an illness to their corresponding
descriptions: identity: name of the illness, causes- factors that the person believes
gave rise to the illness, consequences- symptoms of an illness, time line- refers to
the length of time the illness is expected to last, control- identifies whether the
person believes the illness can be managed or cured through appropriate actions
and treatments, coherence- refers to how well the commonsense beliefs of illness
hang together in a cogent representation of the disorder
11. People in a bad mood are more pessimistic that any actions they might take will
relieve their symptoms
12. People experience fewer symptoms when they experience more distractions and
attend less to themselves
13. Identify the symptoms that predict delay: if a symptom does not hurt or change
quickly and are not incapacitating, if a symptom can be easily accommodated and
do not provoke alarm, and if a symptom is similar to one that previously turned
out to be minor
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