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Chapter 3

PSY 383 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Progressive Muscle Relaxation, Relaxation Technique

Psychology Main
Course Code
PSY 383
O' Connor

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Danny Holcomb
Professor O’Connor
Health Psych
9 September 2016
Chapter 3 Reading Questions
1. Identify the disorders for which relapse is particularly a problem: alcoholism and
2. According to Kahana et. Al., which of the following health promotion methods
has particularly strong health benefits among the very old? Regular exercise
3. In middle school, students are first exposed to habits like smoking and drug use
among their peers during a period that is called a(n) window of vulnerability
4. Match the type of self-punishment:
Positive self-punishment: involves administration of an unpleasant stimulus to
punish and undesirable behavior
Negative self-punishment: involves withdrawing a positive reinforce in the
environment each time an undesirable behavior is performed.
5. A health habit that may develop initially is reinforced by positive outcomes
6. What are the important components targeted by the self-determination theory?
Perceived competence and autonomous motivation
7. Stimulus-control interventions involve ridding the environment of discriminative
stimuli that evoke the problem behavior, and creating new discriminative stimuli.
8. A theory that attempts to link health beliefs directly to behavior is called the
theory of planned behavior
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9. Identify the characteristic features of unhealthy behaviors that can be triggered by
emotions: automatic and addictive
10. During which stage of an individual’s life do health habits develop? Childhood
11. Identify the true statements about the cognitive-behavioral therapy interventions:
it can be implemented individually, through group therapy or the Internet and
several complementary methods are used to intervene in the modification of a
target problem and its context.
12. What is the general limitation of health behavior change models? They only
emphasize conscious deliberative processes for practicing health behaviors
13. Why are health habits relatively independent of each other and unstable?
Different health habits are controlled by different factors and different factors
may control the same health behavior for different people
14. Primary prevention: involves the task of instilling good health habits and
changing poor ones
15. Match the type of profession to its appropriate objective for health promotion:
Health Psychologist: to develop interventions to help people practice healthy
Medical Practitioner: to teach people how to achieve a healthy lifestyle and help
people at risk for particular health problems offset or monitor those risks
Community and national policy makers: to emphasize good health and provide
information and resources to help change poor health habits
16. Health habits are especially influenced by parents as both teachers and role
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17. Some poor health habits, such as drinking and overeating, can develop among
people in response to social anxiety
18. Identify the factors that influence the perception of a personal threat: beliefs about
the consequences of the disorder, specific beliefs about personal vulnerability to
a disorder, and general health values
19. Relaxation training is a stress reduction technique that involves deep breathing
and progressive muscle relaxation.
20. The practice of good health behaviors among people is associated with cognitive
21. which of the following are used in lifestyle rebalancing techniques to help reduce
the likelihood of a relapse? Stress management techniques and exercise
22. match the components of behavioral intentions to the descriptions:
attitudes toward the specific action: refers to likely outcomes of the action and
evaluations of those outcomes
subjective norms regarding the action: refers to normative beliefs and the
motivation to comply with those normative beliefs
perceived behavioral control: refers to the perception that one can perform the
action and that the action will have the intended effect
23. Social engineering solutions to health problems are less successful than individual
behavior modification. False
24. How do people react when they test positive for a risk factor of a specific disease?
They can become defensive, they may not use appropriate services, and they may
not monitor their condition.
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