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Chapter 12

PSY 289 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Exhibitionism, Psychological Abuse, Acute Stress Reaction

Course Code
PSY 289

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Chapter 12
Saturday, November 24, 2018
9:11 PM
Big Ideas:
1/3 of maltreated children develop PTSD or other mental disorders
types of responses to chronically stressful environments:
hyperresponsiveness to stress → excessive vigilance and mistrust, poor social
relationships, impaired self-
regulation, unhealthy lifestyle choices
hyporesponsiveness to stress → overtaxing of stress system causes it to shut down
9.4 in 1000 children in the US will experience maltreatment (approximately 75% of documented
cases are of neglect,
with the next more prevalent being physical abuse at 17% of documented cases
1 in 5 victimized children experience polyvictimization and are at the highest risk for
mental health concerns
boys are more likely to be sexually abused by male non-family members/girls are more likely to
be abused by male
family members
children with disabilities are 3x's more likely than nondisabled children to be physically/sexually
maltreatment is more common in disadvantaged/poor families and for children living with a
single parent and their live-
in partner
1/2 of victims of child maltreatment meet criteria for PTSD in childhood (1/3 met criteria
through adulthood)
in adults, women are more likely to develop PTSD and their symptoms last up to 4x's longer
gender differences are less apparent in childhood
traumatic events → exposure to actual or threatened harm or fear of death or injury and are
considered uncommon or
extreme stressors
stressful events → events that are less extreme than traumatic events and stem from single
events or multiple or
ongoing stressful situations or events
child maltreatment → the abuse and neglect of children by parents or by others responsible for
their welfare; generic
term used to refer to the four primary acts of physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, and
emotional abuse of persons
less than 18 years of age
"any act/failure to act on the part of a caretaker which results in death, serious
physical/emotional harm, sexual
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