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Textbook Notes for BY-Biology Courses at University of Alabama - Birmingham (UAB)

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UABBY 108Charles AmserFall

BY 108 Chapter Notes - Chapter 23: Corpus Luteum, Secondary Sex Characteristic, Fallopian Tube

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Female reproductive system - ovaries develop more slowly than testes. Clitoris/labia majora made from same embryonic structures as penis/scrotum in mal
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UABBY 108Charles AmserFall

BY 108 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Light-Independent Reactions, C4 Carbon Fixation, C3 Carbon Fixation

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Uses atp (from cyclic/noncyclic photophosphorylation) to power endergonic reactions. Uses reducing power of nadph to attach h to c atoms. Carbon fixati
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UABBY 108Charles AmserFall

BY 108 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Molecular Clock, Phylogenetic Tree, Thomas Robert Malthus

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Charles darwin - wrote on the origin of species. Contemporaries believed that species were unchangeable, structures made due to will of the divine crea
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UABBY 108Charles AmserFall

BY 108 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Restriction Enzyme, Molecular Cloning, Southern Blot

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Dna cleavage (stage 1) - restriction endonuclease cleaves dna into fragments. Gel electrophoresis - procedure that separates fragments based on size re
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UABBY 108Charles AmserFall

BY 108 Chapter Notes - Chapter 26: Basal Metabolic Rate, Anorexia Nervosa, Blood Sugar

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Regulation of digestive tract - controlled by nervous/endocrine systems. Nervous system stimulates salivary/gastric secretions in response to food food
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UABBY 108Charles AmserFall

BY 108 Chapter Notes - Chapter 26: Portal Vein, Pylorus, Bile Acid

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Sharp teeth in carnivores for cutting flat teeth in herbivores for grinding. Contains amylase >> breaks down starch into disaccharide. Epiglottis preve
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UABBY 108Charles AmserFall

BY 108 Chapter Notes - Chapter 25: Cytotoxic T Cell, Natural Killer Cell, Humoral Immunity

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Vaccination - infecting harmless virus in order to improve resistance. Antigen - molecule provoking a specific immune response. Antigenic determinant s
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UABBY 108Charles AmserFall

BY 108 Chapter Notes - Chapter 24: Superior Vena Cava, Sinus Venosus, Tricuspid Valve

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Fish heart - replaced simple tubular hearts tube w/ 4 chambers. Atrium/sinus venosus - 1st 2 chambers, for collection. Ventricle/conus arteriosus - las
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UABBY 108Charles AmserFall

BY 108 Chapter Notes - Chapter 23: Extracellular Fluid, Blood Vessel, Fibrinogen

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Open circulatory system - found in mollusks, arthropods. Hemolymph - collective name for the fluid. Closed circulatory system - circulating fluid (bloo
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UABBY 108Charles AmserFall

BY 108 Chapter Notes - Chapter 21: Bulbous Corpuscle, Lamellar Corpuscle, Hair Follicle

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Sensory information - gets to central nervous system through 4 steps. Stimulation - activates sensory neuron transduction - stimulus transformed into g
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UABBY 108Charles AmserFall

BY 108 Chapter Notes - Chapter 20: Postcentral Gyrus, Medulla Oblongata, Occipital Lobe

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Evolution of vertebrate brain - sponges are only multicellular animals w/o nerves. Cnidarians - have simplest nervous systems (nerve net) No control/as
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UABBY 108Charles AmserFall

BY 108 Chapter Notes - Chapter 18: Catabolite Activator Protein, Trp Operon, Lac Operon

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Prokaryotic gene regulation - prokaryotes react according to environmental changes induction >> prevent negative regulator from binding >> produces pro
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