Psych Ch 9.doc
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Department
Psychology
Course
PSC 1
Professor
Alexandra Roach
Semester
Winter

Description
2314Psych Chapter 9 Human DevelopmentWhat is DevelopmentThe study of changes in physiology cognition emotion and social behavior across the lifespanthree major issues when studying developmentnature vs nurturestages vs continuitypassive vs activeNature vs Nurturegenetic inheritance natureexperiences nurtureStages of Development vs Continuous Developmentdoes development occur in distinct stages or is it a gradual continuous processPassive vs Active Developmentdo individuals passively acquire knowledge and skillsOr are they actively involved in their developmentPrenatal Developmentzygote conception2 weeks in uteroneural crest beginning of central nervous systemneural tube becomes spinal cordPrenatal DevelopmentEmbryo 2 weeks2 months in utero critical development happensFetus 2 months in uterobirthgrowthEmbryonic Stem Cellsstem cellcommitted celldifferentiated cells Influencesmaternal influencesprenatal hormone exposureeg insufficient hormone productionlower IQeg stress hormone overproductionlow birth weight lifelong negative cognitive and behavioral outcomespaternal influencessmokinginfant hydrocephalus water on the brainalcoholinfant heart defectsEnvironmental InfluencesTeratogens environmental agents that result in harm to the embryo or fetus during prenatal developmentinclude drugs alcohol bacteria viruses chemicalscause birth defects that are obvious at birthcause disorders not apparent until laterlanguage reasoning social andor emotional behavior endocrine disrupting compounds EDCsfound in the environment maternal illnesses chronic or contractedmaternal drug and alcohol use
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