Textbook Notes (240,868)
US (75,749)
UC-Davis (851)
SOC (13)
Chapter

SOC 148 Chapter Notes -Collective Behavior, Streaking, Symbolic Interactionism

9 pages105 viewsFall 2013

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 148
Professor
Rob Beamish

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 9 pages of the document.
10/30/2013
TOPIC 1&2 – Collective Behavior, Collective Action
Couch – Collective Behavior, an examination of some stereotypes
Collective behavior is a distinct type of social system, but fruitless to emphasize the abnormality
of it
Not more or less bizarre than other systems
Purpose: to modify dissatisfying situations
Debunked claims of emotionality, irrationality, destructiveness, suggestibility, spontaneity
Le Bon – The Mind of Crowds
Individual’s mind in isolation VS. that individual’s mind in a crowd
Acts differently
Crowd forms a single being
Individualities disappear
Contagion – parallel w/ hypnosis
Contagious sentiments and acts
Impulsiveness, mobility, irritability
Primitive beings
Impulsive, acts on reflex – unconscious has upper hand
Anonymity  irresponsibility  feeling of invincibility
Suggestibility
Exaggeration of sentiments – emotional
Certain groups more than others (latinos vs. whites, women vs. men)
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Lofty morality – low standards of morals
McPhail – Creating the Myth
Lebon-park-blumer hypothesis says that crowds transform individuals, diminishing their ability to
control their behavior rationally
These theories are not based on empirical evidence
Mead says – crowds are conscious, intelligent, have purpose
TOPIC 3 – Fads and Fashions
Simmel – Fashion
Paradox: fashion is a form of imitation (integration) but also of differentiation
between time and social status
man has a dualistic nature
socialism and individualism
similarity vs. differentiation
adaptation to generality vs. relief from that generality
uniformity vs. independence
upper class adoption, then lower; upper class then adopts dif. fashion
primitive people have infrequent change in fashion
more drawn to social adaptation than differentiation
unconventional is scary, seen as dangerous
ex: primitive races dancing in uniformity
weaker gender: women more drawn to fashion
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

way they can shine, be prominent and conspicuous
no other field in which to show this
weak position in society
Mendoza – The collective behavior of fads: the characteristics, effects, and career of
streaking
Supports emergent-norm framework of collective behavior
Importance of preexisting social groupings in collective behavior, importance of mobilizable
social and cultural resources from preexisting organizations and, friendships, kinship networks
Streaking on college campuses in 1974
Characteristics of streaking, busting established social science conceptions of fads:
Heterogeneous structure, rather than homogenous
Sociocultural complexity that increases w/ social heterogeneity
Not entirely novel and odd – had been practiced before, still practiced after
Not as a result of contagion, but rather of emergent norms
People construct an emergent definition of the situation prior to acting
Institutional prestige of schools that had previous experienced streaking
Number and severity of sanction associated w/ previous streaking events
Accuracy of the mass media coverage
Level of complexity of previous streaking events
Sociocultural heterogeneity of potential adopter schools
Importance of preexisting group ties
Product of group life
Edgeley – Health Nazis: Cult of perfect body
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version


Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.