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Chapter 22

HISTORY 40C Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Bonus Army, Second New Deal, National Labor Relations Act

Course Code
Highsmith, A

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History 40C Chapter 22 4/16/17
The Great Depression and the New Deal
The Great Depression caused massive underemployment and
declining wages
It was caused by the stock marker crashing
The bottom had fallen on an already weak housing market
The markets for agricultural goods stalled
Demand for consumer goods fell precipitously leading
factories to slow production
Hawley-Smoot Tariff- bill passed in 1930 that raised American tariffs
on foreign agricultural and manufactured goods by as much as 50
Triggered European retaliation
Urban America
Drastic difference from the 1920's
Many people were homeless and build makeshift towns in
abandoned lots and parks
Hooverville- popular name for a shantytown built by homeless
Americans during the Great Depression
Rural America
The depression exacerbated a decade-long problem of
overproduction and lowered revenues
Dust Bowl- parts of Kansas. Oklahoma, Nebraska, and Texas
that suffered punishing dust storms and droughts from the
early 1930's to the early 1940's
Radicalizing Politics
Scottsboro Boys- Nine African American an boys accused of
raping a white woman in Scottsboro Alabama in 1931,
They were imprisoned although their guild was never
Bonus Army- group of 15,000 World War 1 veterans who
staged a protest in D.C. in 1932, demanding immediate
payment of their military bonuses
1932 Election
FDR won the democratic nomination and eventually the
presidency by a landslide
The New Deal
FDR's First hundred days were used to dramatically boost the
countries mood by formulating new policies
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