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Chapter 4

PSY BEH 104S Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Display Rules, Nonverbal Communication, Social PerceptionExam

Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
Joanne Zinger

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Chapter 4 Practice Questions
1. _____ is the study of how we form impressions of other people and how we make inferences about them.
A. Social perception
B. Social cognition
C. Social assessment
D. Social formation
2. Greg has recently taken in a stray dog. If you make an external attribution for Greg’s behavior, you will conclude that:
A. Greg likes dogs
B. Greg felt sorry for the dog
C. The dog is probably cute and friendly
D. Others will perceive Greg as an animal lover
3. Joshua Susskind et al. (2008) studied the facial expressions of _____ and found that the muscle movements of each
emotion were completely the opposite of the other.
A. Surprise and fear
B. Disgust and sadness
C. Disgust and fear
D. Happiness and sadness
4. A consequence of our belief in a just world is that we:
A. Blame the victims of misfortune
B. Focus on situational causes of others’ behavior
C. Make accurate attributions and impressions
D. Are more likely to attribute our own behavior to dispositional causes
5. Facial expressions, tone of voice, and the use of touch are all examples of:
A. Context dependent attributional cues
B. Affect blends
C. Display rules
D. Nonverbal communication
6. Japanese women less often exhibit a wide, uninhibited smile than women in Western cultures because Japanese and
Western cultures prescribe different:
A. Display rules
B. Values
C. Affect blends
D. Implicit personality theories
7. Which of the following is an example of an emblem?
A. A road sign
B. The written explanation for a verbal cue
C. The “okay” sign created with the thumb and the forefinger
D. Averted eye gaze
8. D. Vaughn Becker et al. (2007) found that research participants were faster and more accurate at decoding _____
expression on male faces and at detecting _____ expressions on female faces.
A. Fear; disgust
B. Disgust; fear
C. Angry; happy
D. Happy; angry

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9. The display of different emotions on different parts of the face is called a(n):
A. Affect emblem
B. Nonverbal blend
C. Facial incongruity
D. Affect blend
10. According to Fritz Heider (1958), the attributions we make for people’s behavior can be either _____ or _____.
A. Target-based; category-based
B. Internal; external
C. Perceptual; physical
D. Accurate; biased
11. The study of how we form impressions of and make inferences about other people is called:
A. Judgmental heuristics
B. Social perception
C. Attribution theory
D. Social cognition
12. The three types of information central to Kelley’s (1967) covariation model are:
A. Consensus, correspondence, and distinctiveness
B. Consensus, consistency, and correspondence
C. Correspondence, distinctiveness, and consistency
D. Consensus, distinctiveness, and consistency
13. Research on cultural differences in attribution styles indicates that people from individualistic cultures:
A. Are less skilled at forming impressions of behavior
B. Prefer dispositional explanations of behavior
C. Prefer situational explanations of behavior
D. Are reluctant to publicly state dispositional explanations of behavior
14. The automatic formation of an internal attribution, followed by a situational one given time and effortful thought,
describes the:
A. Fundamental attribution error
B. Multi-step process of attribution
C. Actor/Observer difference
D. Two-step process of attribution
15. To expression emotions is to _____ and to interpret emotions is to _____.
A. Display; perceive
B. Decode; encode
C. Encode; decode
D. Display; decode
16. Lassiter and colleagues (2010) presented courtroom judges and police officers with a videotaped suspect (actually a
confederate) who confessed to a crime. They found that:
A. For both the judges and police officers, the videotape that focused on the detective and the suspect produced
significantly higher ratings of “voluntariness”
B. For the police officers, the videotape that focused only on the detective produced significantly higher ratings
of “voluntariness,” but for the judges, the videotape that focused equally on both the detective and suspect
produced the highest ratings of “voluntariness”
C. For both the judges and police officers, the videotape that focused only on the suspect produced significantly
higher ratings of “voluntariness”
D. For both the judges and police officers, the videotape that focused only on the detective produced significantly
higher ratings of “voluntariness”
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