PSYCH 130 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6.1: Mental Representation, Puzzle Video Game, Object Permanence

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Cognition: inner processes and products of the mind that lead to knowing. Typical course: transformations that most children undergo from birth to maturity. Mechanisms of cognitive development: how genetic and environmental factors combine. Out of perceptual and motor activities, infants build and refine psychological structures. Constructivist approach: children discover or construct virtually all knowledge about their world through their own activity. Children move through stages during which exploratory behaviors transform into abstract, logical intelligence. Provide a general theory of development in which all aspects of cognition change in an integrated fashion, following a similar course. Are invariant and always occur in a fixed order (can"t skip stages) Rooted in the biology of the human brain. But individual differences in genetics and environment affect the speed of progression through stages. Schemes: organized ways of making sense of experience. Cognitive approach based on mental representations: internal depictions of info that the mind can manipulate.

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