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Chapter 15.7

PSYCH 130 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15.7: Equal Opportunity, No Child Left Behind Act, Learning Disability

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Teacher-Student Interaction
Good teachers are said to be caring, helpful, and stimulating
Associated with gains in motivation, achievement and favorable peer
Teachers do not interact the same way with all children
Caring teacher student relationships can have a strong impact on achievement
and social behavior of low SES minorities and children at risk for learning
Educational self fulfilling prophecies: children adopt teachers’ positive or
negative views and start living up to them
Greater impact on low achieving students
Group Practices
Grouping in elementary school
Homogenous groups can be potent sources of self fulfilling prophecies
SES and ethnic segregation in US schools consigns large numbers of low SES
minority students to a form of schoolwide, deleterious homogeneous grouping
Can increase heterogeneity through multigrade classrooms
Decrease competition increase harmony
Peer tutoring can contribute to favorable outcomes
Grouping in high school
Assignment to a college track accelerates academic progress but assignment to
a vocational or general education track decelerates it
Low SES students tend to be assigned to lower course levels and non-college
Teaching Students with Special Needs
Children with learning difficulties
Inclusive classrooms: those with learning difficulties learn alongside typical
students in regular educational setting for part or all of school day
Prepare them for participation in society and to combat prejudices against
those with disabilities that lead to social exclusion
Learning disabilities: great difficulty with one or more aspects of learning,
usually reading → achievement is considerably behind what would be expected
of their IQ
Severe inattention can depress IQ and achievement test scores
How effective are inclusive classrooms?
Many do not benefit from inclusion
Depends on severity of disability and support services available
Rejection by classroom peers
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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