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Chapter 4

ANTH 1006 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Biostratigraphy, Molecular Anthropology, Taphonomy

Course Code
ANTH 1006
Kevin Mc Bride

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Methods - Chapter 4
Studying the Past
Survey and Excavation
Kinds of Archaeology
Dating the Past
What ethical concerns and issues affect physical anthropology and archaeology?
inform, work with, consult with Native American tribes they might be excavating
Ethical obligations to people, species, and materials they study
Informed consent: people’s agreement to take part in research after they have
been fully informed about its purpose, nature, procedures, and potential impact
Anthropologists should not exploit:
Cultural or biological materials
NAGPRA - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
brought anthropologists and Native people together
Scientific Inquiry: Epistemology - How we know what we know
Scientific Inquiry a series of techniques used to maximize the probability that
what we think we know really reflects the way things are, were, or will be
Works through a series of logical processes:
Induction - arguing from generalities to specifics
see a lot of birds in spring = in spring, birds come
If migrations follow a sort of weather pattern, then they will appear.
Deduction - arguing from generalities to specifics
Hypothesis testing - If/Then statements
Method of Multiple Working Hypotheses
Evidence for Ancient Aliens - Science or Pseudoscience
Scientific Perspective
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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