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Chapter 1

ANTH 1006 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Prehistoric Archaeology, Ethnography, Wisdom Tooth

Course Code
ANTH 1006
Kevin Mc Bride

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the study of the human species and its immediate ancestors across time and
different species of genus homo (4-6 in Africa)
Anything that walks upright considered an ancestor
Birth of anthropology
Young endeavor
Developed over the last 200 years
Long distance travel/communication
Vanishing “natives”
Recognition & understanding diversity
Blossoming of the Natural Sciences
An american derived discipline
16th century western europeans encounter different people and trying to figure them out
(was very racist)
Raise questions about diversity and variability
Westward expansion: first q anthropologists raising ( who built the mounds and were
they ancestral to the indian people in that area, very politically charged question)
Disappearing culturally- start observing native people by 1900s (film, photos)
Franz boas
Objects taken back to museums
All the other sciences coming together in early 19th century
Anthropology (academics, applied)
Cultural context (developing countries)
Two Dimensions Academic & Applied
Holistic Science - Studies the whole of the human condition: past, present, and
future; biology, society, language, and culture
Concerned with adaptation, variation, and change
Particular interest in Human Diversity we are among the world’s most creative,
adaptable, and flexible animals
Many animals and insects share society i.e. organized life in groups.
Culture is distinctly human Traditions and customs, transmitted through
learning, that form and guide the beliefs and behavior of the people exposed to
Adaptation, variation, and change
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